China is the hometown of spirits, spirits and spirits culture has always occupied an important position. spirits is a kind of special food, which belongs to material, but it is indispensable in people’s life.  as a special cultural form, it has its unique position in the traditional Chinese culture, in which the spirits administration system is derived. In the history of thousands of years of civilization, spirits has penetrated into almost every field of social life. First of all, China is a country dominated by agriculture, so all political and economic activities are based on agricultural development. The vast majority of Chinese wine is brewed from grain. Wine is closely attached to agriculture and has become a part of the agricultural economy. The abundance and apology of grain production is a barometer of the rise and fall of the spirits industry. according to the grain harvest, the rulers of each dynasty issued or lifted the ban on spirits to regulate the production of wine, so as to ensure food for the people.
King Yao’s mellow etiquette.
China is the kingdom of spirits. spirits, with a variety of shapes and colors, many varieties and abundant output, can be called the highest in the world. China is also a paradise for drinkers, with no distinction between north and south, men and women, old and young, and the trend of drinking has lasted for thousands of years. China is the most prosperous place of spirits culture, the significance of drinking is far more than physiological consumption, far more than oral pleasure; on many occasions, it is used as a cultural symbol, a kind of cultural consumption, used to express a kind of etiquette, an atmosphere, a kind of taste, a kind of state of mind; wine and poetry have been inextricably linked ever since. Not only that, many famous wines in China not only give people the enjoyment of beauty, but also give people inspiration and encouragement of beauty; the development of each kind of famous wine contains the exploration and struggle of working people from generation to generation and devote their lives bravely. Therefore, the spirit of famous wine is closely linked with national pride and fearlessness. This is the soul of the Chinese nation! It is very similar to the “Dionysus” advertised in Europe. It seems that with famous wine, Chinese food and beverage can be sublimated to boast of the world’s food culture.
Ancient wine culture.
Wine, as the existence of the objective matter of the world, is an ever-changing spirit, it is as hot as fire and cold as ice; it is as lingering as a dream, as vicious as the devil, as soft as brocade and sharp as a steel knife; it is omnipresent and powerful, it is respectable and should be killed; it can make people detached and broad-minded, brilliant, dissolute and impermanent. It can make people forget the pain, worries and troubles of the world and soar in the absolute freedom of time and space; it can also make people unscrupulous, bravely sink to the bottom of the abyss, make people lose the mask, reveal their true colors, and speak the truth.
Wine, in the long history of human culture, is not only an objective material existence, but also a cultural symbol, that is, the symbol of Dionysian spirit.
In China, the Dionysian spirit is based on Taoist philosophy. Zhuang Zhou advocates the unity of things and ourselves, the unity of heaven and man, and the unity of life and death. Zhuang Zhou sings the song of absolute freedom, advocating “traveling by things”, “traveling beyond the four seas” and “nowhere”. Zhuangzi would rather be a free tortoise swinging his head in the mud than a strutting Chollima bound by others. The pursuit of absolute freedom and the forgetting of life and death, honor and disgrace are the quintessence of Chinese Dionysus spirit.
There are striking similarities in the world cultural phenomena. The western Dionysus spirit is symbolized by Dionysus, the god of grape cultivation and wine-making industry. In the ancient Greek tragedy, the western Dionysian spirit rose to a theoretical height. German philosopher Nietzsche’s philosophy sublimated this Dionysian spirit. Nietzsche believes that Dionysian spirit symbolizes emotional venting and is a survival experience that abandons traditional shackles and returns to the primitive state. Human beings take great pleasure in life in the desperate and painful wail of the disappearance of the individual and the unity of the world.
In the kingdom of literature and art, Dionysus spirit is omnipresent, and it has a great and far-reaching influence on literary artists and their masterpieces. Because freedom, art and beauty are trinity, art because of freedom, beauty because of art.
Obtaining the free state of art because of drunkenness is an important way for ancient Chinese artists to get rid of the shackles and acquire artistic creativity. Liu Ling, a famous scholar in the Wei and Jin dynasties who is broad-minded and narrow-minded in the universe, said in the Ode to Liquor: “there are adults, sir, who regard heaven and earth as a dynasty, ten thousand years for a moment, the sun and the moon for a moment, and the eight wilderness as a thoroughfare.” “the curtain covers the sky and the earth, as it wills.” “suddenly and drunk, suddenly wake up, listen not to the sound of thunder, who can not see the shape of the mountains. Do not feel the cutting muscles of cold and summer, the feeling of desire. Looking down at all things, the disturbance is like duckweed in Jianghan. ” This kind of “supreme human” realm is a typical embodiment of Chinese Dionysian spirit.
“Li Bai wrote a hundred poems about fighting wine. When he slept in a restaurant in Chang’an, the son of Heaven did not get on board and claimed that his minister was an immortal in wine.” (du Fu’s Song of the eight Immortals in drinking) “being a guest in drunkenness makes you feel divine in poetry.” (du Fu “drinks alone into a poem”) “each has his own ambition, and he has his own wine poem.” (Su Shi “and Tao Yuanming” drinking “)” A cup of unfinished poetry has been finished, and the surging poems are surprised every day. ” (Yang Wanli’s “the beginning of the Moon in Wanhuachuan Valley in February after Chongjiu”). Zhang Yuannian, a political poet of the Southern Song Dynasty, said: “Flying flowers know the bottom after rain and get drunk to win freedom.” Examples of drunken poems can be found everywhere in the history of Chinese poetry.
Not only for poetry, but also in painting and the unique art and calligraphy of Chinese culture, the spirit of Dionysus is even more lively. Among the painters, Zheng Banqiao’s calligraphy and painting can not be easily obtained, so those who ask for calligraphy and painting in Zheng Banqiao’s drunkenness can get what they want. Zheng Banqiao also knew the tricks of the painter, but he could not resist the temptation of fine wine and dog meat, so he had to write a poem to laugh at himself: “if you look at the moon, you might as well do your best, but you only hate wine for the moon.” Laugh at him when he asks for a book and asks his husband to get drunk. ” Wu Daozi, the painting saint of “Wu Dai Dang Feng”, must drink drunkenly before painting before he can write. After being drunk, he will paint. Huang Gongwang in the four families of the Yuan Dynasty is also “not drunk and cannot draw.” Wang Xizhi, the saint of calligraphy, made a preface to the Orchid Pavilion when he was drunk, and when he woke up, he could not reach dozens of books. Li Bai wrote about the drunken monk Huai Su: “when my teacher was drunk, I swept thousands of them in a moment.” Flying showers rustle, falling flowers and snow are boundless. ” When Huai Su was drunk and splashed with ink, he left a self-narrative post that surprised both gods and ghosts. Cao Sheng Zhang Xu “every drunk, call crazy go, is to write”, so there is its “brush down paper, such as clouds and smoke,” the “four ancient poems”.